AFUCOSYLATED MATERNAL ANTI-DENGUE IGGS ARE A BIOMARKER FOR SUSCEPTIBILITY TO SEVERE DENGUE DISEASE IN INFANTS

AFUCOSYLATED MATERNAL ANTI-DENGUE IGGS ARE A BIOMARKER FOR SUSCEPTIBILITY TO SEVERE DENGUE DISEASE IN INFANTS

Researchers at Stanford, funded in part by the Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, have developed a method for determining infant susceptibility to severe dengue disease through measurement of maternal anti-dengue IgG.

Mortality rates in severe dengue disease can exceed 20% when patients are not hospitalized but can be reduced to less than 1% with inpatient care. Therefore, the identification of biomarkers for increased susceptibility to dengue disease could dramatically reduce mortality rates by enabling early hospitalization of those at highest risk for disease progression. Here, the inventors conducted a global analysis of anti-dengue IgGs from mothers of infants with known disease severity during primary dengue infections in order to identify features of maternal IgGs that indicate dengue disease risk in infants.

Stage of Research

The glycosylation state of the IgG Fc domain plays a role in modulating inflammatory effector cell responses. The inventors discovered that the mothers of infants with clinically significant dengue disease had elevated levels of afucosylated IgG Fc domains compared to mothers of infants with subclinical dengue disease. Specifically, the inventors found that greater than 10% afucosylated glycans on maternal anti-dengue IgG is a biomarker for severe infant dengue susceptibility.

Applications

  • Blood tests of maternal IgG Fc afucosylation as a biomarker for infant dengue disease susceptibility

Advantages

  • Early hospitalization leading to reduced mortality in high risk dengue-infected infants

Stage of Development

Research- in vivo

Publications

Thulin NK, Brewer RC, Sherwood R, Bournazos S, Edwards, Ramadoss NS, Taubenberger JK, Memoli M, Jagannathan P, Zhang S, Libraty DH, Wang TT. Afucosylated maternal anti-dengue IgGs are a biomarker for susceptibility to dengue disease in their infants. bioRxiv (2019)

PCT publication WO2019/083904

Related Web Links

https://profiles.stanford.edu/taia-wang

Keywords

Dengue, afucosylation, glycosylation, IgG, antibody, Fc domain

Reference

Chan Zuckerberg CZB-104S, Stanford S17-235

Patent Information:
For Information, Contact:
CZBiohub Admin
Inteum Hosted Admin
CZ Biohub
ip@czbiohub.org
Inventors:
Taia Wang
Keywords:
Afucosylation
Antibody
Dengue
Fc Domain
Glycosylation
IgG